- America is a country of contrasts
- The Wall: 2.0. version
- How a new Trumps enactment will beat on visas
America is a country of contrasts
America is a country of contrasts. This was written by classics. It is also a country of contradictions. Donald Trump, who won the presidential race, largely thanks to his pre-election slogans about the modernization of migration policy, came to power, immediately began to implement these promises.
However, Trump’s sensational enactment of January 27, 2017, affecting the procedure for the entry into the United States of citizens from seven countries with a predominantly Islamic population, triggered not only a wave of public debate, but also a number of protests and lawsuits from those who with a new policy I agree.
The main argument against the presidential enactment is that it violates the constitutional foundations of religious and national equality.
Despite numerous protests and objections, it can be confidently asserted that the US policy towards immigrants has undergone major changes.
This is especially true for those who intended to immigrate to the United States in the near future, as well as for those who have already moved in, but who live in the United States without an American passport or residence permit on legal grounds or illegally.
Even before officially entering to the White House as a president, the 45th US President Donald Trump was clear and unequivocal in his statements about the prospects of American immigration policy in the event of his victory.
His election campaign made a lot of noise.
This “against” politics campaign was directed at immigrants.
According to Donald Trump, the United States of America is the only one “kingdom” in the world which immigration system puts the needs of other country above its own. To change the situation and follow primarily national interests, Trump in his immigration plan focused on three basic principles of US immigration policy reform.
The construction of the wall along the southern border of the country stands on this list at number one place, since “a nation without borders is not a nation”. At the same time, at the stage of the election campaign, Trump promised that the financial aspects of construction must be laid on Mexico.
After the election, he didn’t depart from the declared intentions.
The other two principles of migration reform, Trump called the need to enforce and protect the laws, as well as an increase in the number of jobs, salary and security of all Americans under the slogan “first – American workers.”
The Wall: 2.0. version
To the promised changes the control system of immigration policy of the United States, the newly elected president appealed immediately. One of the first decisions taken was an enactment on preparations for the construction of a wall along the border with Mexico.
The expected cost of the project is about 15 billion dollars. The main goal of this project is to stop illegal migration and drug traffic, and therefore, to strengthen the country’s security.
The idea of building a wall in the south of the United States is not new.
The big resonance it gets back in 2006, when the Republican, the predecessor of Trump, the 43rd US President George W. Bush signed the “Secure Fence Act”. This document assumed the construction of a two-level barrier on the border with Mexico.
In addition to the construction of the wall, it was planned to increase the use of motion sensors, night vision cameras, etc. President Bush called this project the beginning of a new immigration system which will help to ensure the security of the country, streamline the migration process and make it more fair.
The law, passed 10 years ago, even during the election race gave Trump confidence in the statements about the possibility to start this construction promptly.
The length of the existing wall at the border is 1078 km, the length of the entire border with Mexico is 3145 km. Consequently, a third of the fortifications were built long before Donald Trump began to fight for the presidency.
How a new Trumps enactment will beat on visas
In addition to the enactment on the construction of the wall, another order concerns the so-called sanctuary cities of illegal immigrants. This name was given to cities that adopted a peculiar policy of protecting illegal immigrants, not pursuing them for violations of federal immigration laws – in these cities, migrants can live without fear of deportation.
Asylum cities are not a new phenomenon for the United States; this unofficial status has 39 cities, including such giants as New York, Boston and Los Angeles. Also restrictions on the prosecution of migrants have introduced more than 350 districts in different states of the country (there are just over 3,000 districts in the US).
On January 25, Donald Trump signed an enactment according to which asylum cities will be deprived of federal funding unless the local authorities cooperate with Washington in the fight against illegal migration. While there is no data on how painful the restriction will be for these cities, but the leadership of the largest megacities-shelters has already announced that it does not intend to change their status.
In addition to fighting with cities that have a “dissenting opinion”, Trump ordered to strengthen the struggle with migrants in fact.
For this purpose, one of the enactments signed by him envisages a significant increase in the number of employees of the Border Guard Service and the Service of Immigration and Customs Control.
On January 27, Donald Trump signed another order with a big name – “Protecting the Nation from the Entry of Foreign Terrorists into the United States.” (“Protecting the Nation from a Foreign Terrorist Entry Into the United States”).
The text of the document says that its goal is to protect US citizens from “foreign citizens who intend to commit terrorist acts in the United States.”
In accordance with this enactment, all citizens of seven states for the US are likely terrorists. Trump announced that the entrance to the States for them is closed – at least for the coming months.
The enactment came into force immediately on the day of signing and became a surprise: hundreds of passengers accumulated at main airports of the country, who legally arrived in the US (for example, after a short trip outside the US) and meet “face to face” with a ban process at the border.
At the same time, tens of thousands of people protesting against the ban gathered at the airports, and the volunteer lawyers tried to pull the stuck out of the transit zone with the help of court decisions.
So, the rules of the Trump enactment are as follows: for 90 days, the possibility of entering the US for citizens of Iran, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen is suspended, and even those who enter legally with an American visa – as immigrants, and about travelers, for example, businessmen, students and even owners of Green Card. Citizens of these countries will not be issued new visas.
A minor exception to this rule is made by citizens of these states entering the US with a diplomatic visa, as well as a visa for activities within the UN and other international organizations and missions.
Thus, Trump’s enactment suspended for 120 days the US refugee reception program (USRAP) to find out what additional procedures are needed to exclude the threat to the United States from the refugees.
The total number of refugees who “will not harm” the United States economic, in 2017 is limited to 50,000. And the reception of refugees from Syria is limited for an indefinite period.
The January 27 enactment limits immigration on a national basis for the first time since 1965. In 1965, the Immigration Act was enacted, which eliminated immigration restrictions based on national ethnicity, opening up opportunities for immigrants to the United States to come from non-European countries. This law is called in the three most important legislative initiatives in the US, which influenced the liberalization of public life in the country and the revival of the anti-discrimination movement.